The Ceded Districts were a region in the northeastern part of the Madras Presidency, British India, consisting of the districts of Bellary, Ganjam, and Nellore. The region was called "Ceded" because it was ceded by the Nizam of Hyderabad to the British in exchange for military support in 1768. The Ceded Districts were known for their rich cultural heritage, with the Telugu language being widely spoken among the local population. The region was also known for its agriculture, with crops such as rice, sugarcane, and cotton being widely grown. The region was also home to several important historical sites, including the Srikalahasti Temple, a famous Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. The region was also known for its rich mineral resources, including iron ore and manganese.
However, despite its wealth of resources and cultural heritage, the Ceded Districts were often neglected by the British, who focused their attention and resources on more profitable regions such as Bombay and Calcutta. This neglect led to the region's economic and social stagnation, which persisted even after India gained independence in 1947. In conclusion, the Ceded Districts were a region with a rich cultural heritage and resources, but due to neglect by the British colonial government, its economic and social development was hindered. Today, the region is part of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states of India and its history and culture are still an important aspect of the area.